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dc.contributor.authorEgan, Suzanne M.
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Madruga, Juan A.
dc.contributor.authorByrne, Ruth M.J.
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-28T10:08:38Z
dc.date.available2012-11-28T10:08:38Z
dc.date.issued2009-11
dc.identifier.citationEgan, S.M., Garcia-Madruga, J.A. and Byrne, R.M.J.(2009), 'Indicative and Counterfactual 'only if' conditionals'. Acta Psychologica, Vol. 132(3). 240-249.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10395/1297
dc.description.abstractWe report three experiments to test the possibilities reasoners think about when they understand a con-ditional of the form ‘A only if B’ compared to ‘if A then B’. The experiments examine conditionals in the indicative mood (e.g., A occurred only if B occurred) and counterfactuals in the subjunctive mood (A would have occurred only if B had occurred). The first experiment examines the conjunctions of events that reasoners judge to be consistent with conditionals, e.g., A and B, not-A and not-B. It shows that peo-ple think about one possibility to understand ‘if’ and two possibilities to understand ‘only if’; they think about two possibilities to understand counterfactual ‘if’ and ‘only if’. The second experiment shows that the possibilities people think about when they understand ‘only if’ are in a different temporal order (e.g., B and A) to the possibilities they think about for ‘if’ (A and B). The third experiment shows that people make different inferences from ‘only if’ and ‘if’ conditionals and counterfactuals. The implications of the results for theories of counterfactual conditionals are considered.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research was supported by a Research Grant from Enterprise Ireland’s basic Research Grants Scheme to Ruth Byrne and by a Government of Ireland Postgraduate Scholarship from the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences to Suzanne Egan. Some of the results were presented at the International Meeting on Cognitive Processes and Context in Counterfactual Thinking, Lisbon, 2002; at the Second International Conference on Reasoning and Decision-making, Padua, 2003 and at the Annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Boston, 2003.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.ispartofseriesActa Psychologica;132/3
dc.rights© Elsevier the original article can be accessed through the following link http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001691809000961en
dc.subjectConditional Reasoningen
dc.subjectCounterfactualsen
dc.subjectOnly Ifen
dc.titleIndicative and Counterfactual 'only if' conditionals'.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.type.supercollectionall_mic_researchen
dc.type.supercollectionmic_published_revieweden
dc.type.restrictionnoneen
dc.description.versionYesen
dc.funderEnterprise Irelanden
dc.funderIrish Research Council for Humanities and Social Sciencesen


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