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dc.contributor.creatorHoward, Siobhan
dc.contributor.creatorHughes, Brian M.
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-19T11:17:52Z
dc.date.available2013-04-19T11:17:52Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationHoward, S. and Hughes, B. M. (2012). ‘Construct, concurrent, and discriminant validity of Type D personality in the general population: Associations with anxiety, depression, stress, and cardiac output’. Psychology and Health, 27, 242-258.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10395/1847
dc.description.abstractThe Type D personality, identified by high negative affectivity paired with high social inhibition, has been associated with a number of health-related outcomes in (mainly) cardiac populations. However, despite its prevalence in the health-related literature, how this personality construct fits within existing personality theory has not been directly tested. Using a sample of 134 healthy university students, the present study examined the Type D personality in terms of two well-established personality traits; introversion and neuroticism. Construct, concurrent, and discriminant validity of this personality type was established through examination of the associations between the Type D personality and psychometrically-assessed anxiety, depression, and stress, as well as measurement of resting cardiovascular function. Results showed that while the Type D personality was easily represented using alternative measures of both introversion and neuroticism, associations with anxiety, depression, and stress were mainly accounted for by neuroticism. Conversely, however, associations with resting cardiac output were attributable to the negative affectivity-social inhibition synergy, explicit within the Type D construct.Consequently, both the construct and concurrent validity of this personality type were confirmed, with discriminant validity evident on examination of physiological indices of well-being.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherTaylor and Francisen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPsychology and Health;27, 242-258
dc.rightsCopyright © Taylor and Francis. Full publication can be found at http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/gpsh20/currenten
dc.subjectType D personalityen
dc.subjectHealthen
dc.subjectNeuroticismen
dc.subjectIntroversionen
dc.subjectCardiac outputen
dc.titleConstruct, concurrent, and discriminant validity of Type D personality in the general population: Associations with anxiety, depression, stress, and cardiac outputen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.type.supercollectionall_mic_researchen
dc.type.supercollectionmic_published_revieweden
dc.type.restrictionnoneen
dc.description.versionYesen


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