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  • Fear of Social Isolation: Testing an Assumption from the Spiral of Silence 

    Breen, Michael J.; Shoemaker, Pamela J.; Stamper, Marjorie (Irish Communications Review, 2000)
    An untested assumption of the Spiral of Silence has been whether people’s fear of social isolation affects their willingness to voice their opinions in public, especially if their opinions are in the minority. It has also ...
  • Measure for Measure: Comparing methodologies for determining newspaper exposure. 

    Breen, Michael J.; Shoemaker, Pamela J.; Wrigley, Brenda J. (1997)
    Measure for Measure: Comparing Methodologies for Determining Newspaper Exposure Measuring media exposure requires careful consideration of both the reliability and validity of the operational definitions. This study ...