dc.contributor.creator O'Driscoll, Diarmuid dc.contributor.creator Ramirez, Donald E. dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-10T14:36:33Z dc.date.available 2018-12-10T14:36:33Z dc.date.issued 2015 dc.identifier.citation O'Driscoll, D., Ramirez, D.E. (2015) ‘Anomalies of the Magnitude of the Bias of the Maximum Likelihood Estimator of the Regression Slope, Essays on Mathematics and Statistics’: Volume 5, Ed. C. Stoica, ATINER, pp.157–166. en_US dc.identifier.isbn 978-618-5065-77-5 dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10395/2541 dc.description Anomalies of the magnitude of the bias of the maximum likelihood estimator of the regression slope. en_US dc.description.abstract The slope of the best-fit line y h x x 0 1  ( )    from minimizing a function of the squared vertical and horizontal errors is the root of a polynomial of degree four which has exactly two real roots, one positive and one negative, with the global minimum being the root corresponding to the sign of the correlation coefficient. We solve second order and fourth order moment en_US equations to estimate the variances of the errors in the measurement error model. Using these solutions as an estimate of the error ratio in the maximum likelihood estimator, we introduce a new estimator kap 1  . We create a function  which relates to the oblique parameter , used in the parameterization of the line from (x,h(x)) to ( ( ), ) 1 h y y  , to introduce an oblique estimator lam 1 . A Monte Carlo simulation study shows improvement in bias and mean squared error of each of these two new estimators over the ordinary least squares estimator. In O’Driscoll and Ramirez (2011), it was noted that the bias of the MLE estimator of the slope is monotone decreasing as the estimated variances error ratio approaches the true variances error ratio. However for a fixed estimated variances error ratio , it was noted that the bias is not monotone decreasing as the true error ratio κ approaches . This paper explains this anomaly by showing that as κ approaches a fixed , the bias of the MLE estimator of the slope is also dependent on the magnitude of. Other anomalies with the MLE estimator of the slope in the presence of errors in both x and y are discussed. dc.language.iso eng en_US dc.publisher Athens Institute for Education and Research en_US dc.rights.uri https://www.atiner.gr/docs/2015MAT-INTRO.pdf en_US dc.subject Maximum likelihood estimation en_US dc.subject Measurement errors en_US dc.subject Moment estimating equations en_US dc.subject Oblique estimators en_US dc.title Anomalies of the magnitude of the bias of the maximum likelihood estimator of the regression slope en_US dc.type Part/ Chapter of book en_US dc.type.supercollection all_mic_research en_US dc.type.supercollection mic_published_reviewed en_US dc.description.version Yes en_US
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