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dc.contributor.creatorPerry, John
dc.contributor.creatorWelsh, James C.
dc.contributor.creatorDewhurst, Stephen A.
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-11T11:30:11Z
dc.date.available2019-02-11T11:30:11Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationWelsh, J. C., Dewhurst, S. A., & Perry, J. L. (2018). Thinking Aloud: An exploration of cognitions in professional snooker. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 36, 197-208. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.03.003.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10395/2619
dc.descriptionThinking aloud: An exploration of cognitions in professional snooker.en_US
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Presently, there is no exploration into the cognitive processes of super-elite and elite professional snooker players during real-time performance. Therefore, this study explored the cognitions of seven professional snooker players during real-time solo practice performance. Design: A Think Aloud (TA) protocol analysis. Method: This involved players verbalizing and explaining their thoughts within naturalistic practice environments. Player’s verbalizations were recorded during each solo practice performance, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed via protocol analysis. Results: Analyses revealed an array of continuous reactive-adaptive cognitions relating to stressors and coping strategies during performance, as well as general snooker-specific related thoughts. Specifically, the results highlighted key stressor themes which were coded as: Table Conditions, Distractions, and Mistakes. Our main finding was: Shot Preparation being essential to problem-focused coping, with Rationalizing integral to emotion-focused coping. Further results highlighted the visualperceptual and cognitive expertise of players, with regards to identification of problem balls and cueball spatial awareness, insofar as unearthing the deliberate structure to practice routines. Conclusions: The study’s original and novel findings lend further support to the transactional process of coping. Whilst accordingly, the utilization of TA significantly contributed to our limited understanding of super-elite and elite real-time cognitions in professional snooker and self-paced sports generally. Future research should continue to dissect the sport-specific nuances that underpin real-time performance, not only during practices, but within competitive play. TA is an appropriate methodology to use in the domain-specific sport of snooker.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries36;
dc.rights.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.03.003en_US
dc.subjectCopingen_US
dc.subjectThink aloud protocolen_US
dc.subjectProfessional snookeren_US
dc.subjectSuper-eliteen_US
dc.subjectCognitionsen_US
dc.subjectPracticeen_US
dc.titleThinking aloud: An exploration of cognitions in professional snooker (Pre-published version)en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.supercollectionall_mic_researchen_US
dc.type.supercollectionmic_published_revieweden_US
dc.description.versionYesen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.03.003


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